Q: What steps are the owners of the premises MCD can take if the organization manages the house for our money does not fulfill the obligation to provide public services and should perform proper maintenance and repair of the common property of the house ?
Answer: According to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation ( Article 165 ), the local authority at the request of the owners of premises in an apartment block , chairman of the failure of an apartment building management company obligations under the contract management of an apartment house ( proper maintenance and repair of the common property, providing public services , the implementation of other to achieve the objectives of the control block of flats ) in the five-day period to conduct unscheduled inspections of the management company . If the results of this test revealed the failure of contract management organization management of the apartment house, the local authority not later than fifteen days from the date of the relevant treatment shall convene a meeting of owners of premises in this house to resolve questions about the cancellation of the contract with the management company and choosing a new management company or a change to the method of controlling the house.
Q: Our house runs the management company . The Board of an apartment building is not elected . Who and what measures should be taken?
Answer: According to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation ( st.161.1 ) if an apartment building is not created by homeowners or this house is not controlled housing cooperative or other specialized consumer cooperative while in this house for more than four apartments , the owners of the premises in the house at the general meeting must elect a council block of flats number of property owners in this house. If prior to 18.06.2012 . decision on the election of the Board of apartment building owners of the premises had been taken or a decision is not implemented , the local authority within three months must convene a general meeting of owners of premises in an apartment building .
The agenda of the general meeting of the owners of premises in an apartment building will include questions on the election in the council house apartment building, including the chairman of the house , or to establish in the house homeowners .
The Board of apartment buildings can not be elected with respect to several apartment buildings .
The number of members of the board of an apartment building is set at a general meeting of the owners of the premises in an apartment building . Unless otherwise established by resolution of the general meeting of the owners of premises in an apartment building , the number of members of the board of an apartment building is set with the present in a given amount of building entrances , floors of apartments.
To prepare proposals on certain matters related to the management activities of an apartment house, the commission shall be eligible property owners in this house that are collegial consultative bodies apartment building management .
Commission owners of premises in the apartment house are elected by the general meeting of the owners of premises in an apartment building or by the Board of the apartment building .
Q: Today, many are talking about installing a combi boiler houses , ie on decentralized heat supply . This is a mandatory measure ? What are its benefits ?
Answer: Go to a decentralized heating rather forced and not a mandatory measure . Many homes are heated by boilers unprofitable , from departmental boiler-houses, whose owners are bankrupt organizations that are not able to carry out their reconstruction and servicing , as well as from boilers located at a considerable distance from residential buildings and heating are in a dilapidated condition. When transporting on such external or underground utilities are significant loss of thermal energy, which in turn affects both the rate and on the temperature settings, heating water , and in the final result of inadequate temperature settings accommodation. Translation premises for decentralized heating with combi boiler installation and improves the comfort of living in them. This is especially true 2- 3- storey residential houses in rural areas , where residents than individual heat get too hot water.
At the equipment combi boiler apartments , tenants make payments only for gas and maintenance of boilers under contract with a specialized organization , and costs while significantly lower than the payment on tariffs for thermal energy for district heating boiler manufactured unprofitable .
On the other hand, the transition of apartment buildings in decentralized heating system does not provide a source of heating common areas, namely stairwells and basements , where the utilities of cold water and sanitation , which can actually cause them to freeze during most low ambient air, and in such cases the country were . In order to prevent undesirable consequences should include other activities such as the insulation of these communications and the insulation of doors and window linings stairwells.
It should be noted that the transfer of residential premises for decentralized heating should be done only when the transfer of all residential premises of an apartment building on the individual heating. In accordance with the Federal Law № 190- FZ of 27.07.2010g . "On Heat Supply" is forbidden transition to residential heating in apartment buildings using individual residential heat sources , the list of which is determined by the rules of connection to the district heating system , approved by the Government of the Russian Federation , if carried out in a proper way to connect to district heating systems of apartment buildings.